Green Infrastructure 2014 Group C - Case Study 4

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Name name of the site
Country Germany
City Munich
Authors Paulina Nickl

Rationale: Why is this case interesting?

Munich city has in my eyes a excellent grey and green infrastructure system. Every year a lot of money is spent in building new living area and also green structure in between. Nevertheless there are some places there are still wasteland and also highly coverted by different groups. One of this is the Pasinger Gleisdreieck located in a part of Munich called Pasing. It is a wasteland, which has a triangle form, closed on two sides by the trail lines and open just from the western part. This may be the reason why the land is a biotope for the nature and not so frequently used by the humans. What use can be find for this peace of land? Sell the ground to build new apartment complexes, fight for a natural reserve area in this part because of the rarely plants inside and for animals like birds breeding places. or keeping it as park or skate park for the kids?

Author's perspective

Munich is the city I grow up in. Specially during the last years I spent a lot of time in this area watching the development of compression of the city. I have a bachelor degree in Anthropology and some experiences in Architecture from helping my father in his architecture office.

Landscape and/or urban context of your case

Munich is the third biggest city in Germany located in the south. With 1.4 Mio inhabitants and an area of about 310 km2, Munich has to organize the amount of people in a smaller area like other big cities in Germany (for example Hamburg has 1.7 Mio inhabitants in an area of about 755 km2). Munich has to handle a lot of inhabitants, but also want to be a green city. Munich has one of the biggest parks the English garden, but in total it has just about 7,5 % green space.

Munich is located near the alp mountain. During the ice age in the area was a end of glacier tongue. This is the reason for the ground consistence of gravel and sometimes high ground water level.

With more than 850 years, Munich has an old history. Located at the Isar river it became a big city since the middle ages because of the salt trade. During the second World War big parts of Munich were destroyed. Munich decided to reconstruct the buildings and not to build than in a new modern style. So today Munich has a beautiful reconstructed old city. They also decided to stop high buildings, so in the inner part of the city it is not allowed to construct buildings higher than 4/ 5 stories. On a view over Munich you will enjoy the wide view were just some church towers stack out of the normal roof level. If you think about the problem with the high amount of inhabitants it might be also a problem that it is not allowed to build higher apartment houses with more apartments in it.

To handle the problem with the increasing amount of inhabitants, the city builds new living complexes in the surrounding of Munich on the one hand. This is more easy because the ground is not that expensive like in the inner city and buildings can have more than 5 stories. On the other hand the ground in the inner city gets more expensive. Small houses or useless wasteland has to move for expensive apartment buildings. This phenomena of compression is in my eyes very interesting and worth to debate. Do compression reduce the quality of life in the cities? How is compression compatible with green space and green infrastructure? Has a city any possibilities to form the growth? And if is it important that cities have to increase that fast?

The Pasinger Gleisdreieck is one example for this debate. It was some years the aim of different parties. First some short overview information about Pasing. Pasing was until 1938 an independent city, and today one western part of Munich. It is integrated with train, bus, tram und metro. The rents of the apartments are not too expensive to live and via metro it is located still near the city centre. So Pasing is an interesting place to live or to invest in. The Pasinger Gleisdreieck is like a overlooked place. The wasteland is located between two train rail ways. On the north the S8 on the oest/ south the S6.

2010 two big concerns build big shopping complexes on one western part of the area, Obi and Metro. The environmental authority was really sad, because of the rare plants and the failed plan of a nature reserve. But there are still about two thirds free land. In The last years there were different ideas how to handle with the land. I would like concentrate my case studies on the favoured idea: to create a mixed park: green space for citizen, skate park and nature biotope reserve.

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Green Infrastructure benefits for this site

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Potential for multifunctionality

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