Working Group Public Space and Civic Identity

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Case Studies of this working group

The list includes all case studies categorised in this group and the respective answers to the first question "Rationale:Why is this case study interesting?"

Attention: this is a dynamic page list, do not edit this paragraph!

  1. Budapest-Józsefváros
  2. Parks in Neu Oerlikon
  3. Working Group Public Space and Civic Identity
  4. Uggledal
  5. Sulzer Factory Area
  6. Suleymaniye Regeneration Area
  7. Petuelpark
  8. Paseo del Buen Pastor
  9. Medellin

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Core Questions of this Working Group

Core questions as identified during the first group meeting on December 3rd 2008:

  1. Who was involved in the participation process? (Agnieska, Harun)
  2. How was the participation process implemented (methods applied)? (Camilo, Andrew)
  3. In how far does/did the project respond to people's needs? (Liliana, Martina)

Notes:

  • The names behind the questions identify those people that take up a kind of editor's responsibility for the questions. All group members are asked to integrate all questions into their case study report. The respective question editors will then compile the different answers and report back to the group plenary on December 19th.
  • People who did not attend the session on 3rd of December may have additional proposals for core questions. Feel free to add these questions as proposals to the list above and discuss it via e-mail or using the discussion page.
  • Please integrate the questions soon and try to deliver some draft answers before December 15th - otherwise it will become difficult to create a synthesis report for December 17th.

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Synthesis of Core Questions

Who was involved in the participation process?

Agnieska , Harun

Answers of the Case Studies

  1. Budapest-Józsefváros
  2. Parks in Neu Oerlikon
  3. Working Group Public Space and Civic Identity
  4. Uggledal
  5. Sulzer Factory Area
  6. Suleymaniye Regeneration Area
  7. Petuelpark
  8. Paseo del Buen Pastor
  9. Medellin


Synthesis

The core question have been summarized by Agnieszka Górniak and Harun Ekinoglu based on information provided by Public Space and Civic Identity working group. The particular information have been synthesized in form of table by Harun. The identification of the participants and clustering have been prepared as diagram and summarized by Agnieszka.


Aga2.jpg

Summary1.jpg


Short Summary:

Based on information above the participants in the process of creation of public spaces have been indentified and clustered in four groups according to the specific phases of realization of the projects: - the initiators that indicated the ideas and kicked-off the projects - the analysts and designers that createed the physical structure of the area according to spatial conditions and identified needs of users - the constructors that implemented the projects - the attendants that cultivate and develop the area The public spaces should serve the public, so they have to respond to the needs of their users. The adequate identification of the final beneficiaries (users) of the public space and invitation them to participate in all the process of realization are a key to the success. The more diversified participants the completer list users’ expectation and needs. The participation of final users in realization of public spaces may also help to integrate the local community and build the commitments between society and place.


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How was the participation process implemented (methods applied)?

Camilo, Andrew

Answers of the Case Studies

<DPL>

 category=Working Group Public Space and Civic Identity
 mode=ordered
 include = #How was the participation process implemented (methods applied)?

</DPL>

Synthesis

Budapest-Józsefváros Medellin Parks in Neu Oerlikon Paseo del Buen Pastor Petuelpark Suleymaniye Regeneration Area Uggledal
Initiation Leaflets and local press – for promotion of process, Kick off meeting,Questionnaire Public meetings - socialising and promoting the project and its process, Quantitative and qualitative surveys, Workshops and field visits (officials & community leaders) Questionnaire in local newspaper and to people using the space, general, open questions specific and limited questionnaire
Plan Open meetings, surveys and interviews undertaken by students Workshops – public, local officials, artist and professionals, interdisciplinary work Workshops - women groups, professionals, school children- (formulated plan of area), Meetings – citizen groups
Design Presentation of plan based on above material, vote on material to be constructed Workshops to design the use and characteristics of the public spaces (community in general), review of the designs (officials & community leaders). General workshops,specific workshops (children, disabled), interdisciplinary Workshops - women groups, professionals, school children, meetings – citizen groups
Implementation Design and realisation of sitting-hills (schools, students, NGO’s), Public planting in the square Local, community press and billboards informing about the projects, Labour force for the construction of the projects was mainly from the community Artist collaboration
Maintenance Delegation of tasks to communities and institutions (in process) Delegation of tasks to community and institutions, social programs and community activities have been established in the projects Maintenance of several communal areas is responsibility of community groups


Concluding thoughts:

  • ...
  • ...
  • ...

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In how far does/did the project respond to people's needs?

Liliana, Martina

Answers of the Case Studies

<DPL>

 category=Working Group Public Space and Civic Identity
 mode=ordered
 include = #In how far does/did the project respond to people's needs?

</DPL>

Summary

- Budapest-Józsefváros: The request of participation was fulfilled in all phases of implementation and maintenance. There were design workshops with dwellers and local professionals, public consultations concerning the plans, voting on building materials, joint planting activities and equipment installation.

- Medellin: The improvement of physical conditions in the slum bore some significant outcomes, for example high quality public spaces. But it should be more efforts in order to guarantee the livelihoods beyond the traditional approach such as housing and infrastructure. Furthermore it's important to improve the integration and the amount of comprehensiveness.

- Parks in Neu Oerlikon: The four parks have a high artistic quality and were made for creating free space. The Wahlen Park is also used as a school meadow and is accepted well. The MFO Park reminds of the original buildings, is designed in different levels and some attractions are temporary or long-term existing. The Oerliker Park is seen as worse integrated and the idea, that users affect a new appearance of the park, doesn’t work yet. The lower utilization leads back to the very far construction of the new quarter Oerlikon within 5 years. As a result there is a lack of development, less own character and clinical, empty feeling.

- Paseo del Buen Pastor: It fulfills the need of a new open place, of having alternatives for activities as well as the possibility for interactions with the society through art, culture and history in order to reinforce the identity.

- Petuelpark: It responds to the need of having a green space for recreation. There are many different elements and possibilities for individual leisure activities, but it's a decrease while wintertime. Works of art, individual designed places and furniture and the typical style of the park, fulfills the requirement of having a unique place with own character.

- Suleymaniye Regeneration Area: The ambition is to reach social and economical integration joint together to physical interventions.

- Sulzer Factory Area: This area is marked by its need for adaptability. Nowadays, the human were brought into focus and the space is used as place of congregation.

- Uggledal: It was a wish of the planner to preserve the specialties and characteristics of this area. So the local inhabitants who had ecological ambitions participate while the planning process. But the new inhabitant had aesthetic preferences.

Analysis

Commonalities and important points:

In all cases, they try to respond to people’s requirements and wishes, mostly by dint of public participation. As well, there is the aim to integrate people, whether trough the participatory process itself or through the level of acceptance and usage. Although the projects have/had different ways of integration, the goals to reach bear a resemblance to each other centered at the end outcomes. Furthermore, every place and park was made in order to improve living conditions (in the majority of by creating regeneration and recreation areas) and to identify people with its surrounding society.


Gaps and discrepances:

In general, it’s not possible to fulfill all requirements, because one can’t cover the whole range of human needs. There will be always a lack of sufficiency. Besides, by planning for future users, you can only suppose what kind of persons will utilize it.


Unusual approaches:

Case study Medellin: Upgrading social conditions by means of physical condition improvements. Case study Suleymanlye Regeneration Area: The ambition is to reach social and economical integration joint together to physical interventions. This unusual approach (for the western point of view) is caused by stronger physical, social and economical conditions, which are typical in some countries.


Main differences between the case studies:

Different amount of fulfillment: There is a range of total completion until no one. Different ways to fulfill people’s requirements: Participation, Improvement of physical, economical or legal conditions, creation of free space and recreation areas, conservation of identity, activation of interactions, ecological and environmental ambitions, art and history,


Thematic clusters (see also analytical drawing below):

Cluster 1: Amelioration of physical, social, economical and legal conditions

Cluster 2: Creation of free space, recreation, regeneration

Cluster 3: Preserving identity and evocation of personal relations to the site

Synthesis

Core question table3.png

Synthesis Analysis.png

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Working Group Minutes

First Group Meeting