Greenbelt "Fecility"

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Revitalization development of Greenbelt "Fecility" in Yanjiao, China by Chinyi Gu and Ran Tao

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Name development of greenbelt 'felicity'
Location Yanjiao, Hebei Province
Country China
Topic please enter the topic here
Office office or planner/designer
Client please enter the client here
Completion design in progress
Project costs Please enter the costs (if known)
Case study author(s) ''Chinyi Gu/Ran Tao
<googlemap version="0.9" lat="39.958833" lon="116.804237" type="satellite" zoom="13" width="360" height="240">39.953342, 116.735309, 燕郊镇廊坊市, 河北省39.943774, 116.807799, Yanjiaosee also39.978436, 116.759434 </googlemap>
<googlemap version="0.9" lat="39.925009" lon="116.490784" zoom="11" width="360" height="240">39.914073, 116.577998, Yanjiao39.911843, 116.381607, Center of Peking</googlemap>

Rationale: Why is this case study interesting?

The initial question raised naturally is that

  • The development of the greenbelt is actually a defence to prevent the city sprawling or
  • it would be forged to serve as a green lung for new city center?

On the political aspect, due to the very location of Yanjiao, which belongs to the big Peking economic circle, local government is intended to maximize the scope of the whole town. The viewpoint of landscape architect is on the contrary.Regarding the severe fragmentation of the landuse in peri-urban area close to Peking, the crucial issue is that if the build up of greenbelt could virtually work as a barrier to isolate the building up of the city from the farming land.

Author's perspective

This case study is firstly applied as the main topic of bachelor thesis by Ran Tao,Beijing Forestry University[1].In the very beginning,the purpose of the project, as the very pioneer work central park in new York city has established, is to spare a recreational area in advance. As a matter of fact,the development of Yanjiao is a mirror reflecting the urbanization of rural area in China. With the re construction of economics, with the redundancy of farming population surging to the city to seek to work chance, the urbanization trends seems to be irreversible.However, how to deal with the change in a sustainable way is the key issue of landscape architecture profession in the next several years. Here we extract this whole story, to formulate two possible consequence of the ending.

Landscape and/or urban context

  • Biogeography, cultural features, overall character, history and dynamics
  • Location and biogeography

Yanjiao, literally the surburb of the Kingdom Yan(Peking), is 30km away from Tian'anmen Square, 25Km away from Capital airport. Located in Yanshan Plain, which is originated from the alluvial deposition from ChaoBai river,JiYun river, the average level of Yanjiao is 5.9-31.9 meter above Huanghai. The site of this project is situated on the border of Yanjiao town and Gaoqiao town.Compared to Yanjiao,Gaoqiao(literaly High bridge)is less urbanized,in which vast majority of farming land are maintained. With the population explosion and ireversible urban development of Metropolitan Peking and the adjancent town, Yanjiao and Gaoqiao are quite likely to be virtually converted to the satellite town of Peking(see also political context). The outlook of this greenbelt project is afterall ambiguous.If the urbanization keeps its pace to speed up. the greebelt may serve as a sheer recreation site for local inhabitants in which sense will lose its rural property. In another case, when the urban development managed to be curbed.The greenbelt may act as a joint for urbanized area and rural farming land.

Location Yanjiao.jpg

Illustration: Map; sketches; short descriptive analyses

Cultural/social/political context

  • Brief explanation of culture, political economy, legal framework
    • Political Context

Even the very first origin of Yanjiao is closely linked to Peking.It flourished with the booming of Peking, sinked in oblivion with the fall of the city. However,entering into the 21th centry, the relationship between Peking and Yanjiao comes in to a dilema. The urban development of Peking follows a evenly expanding fashion, only in a decade, the edge of the city was pushed from ring 2,3 to ring 5,6.Furthermore, the consistent expanding trend seems hard to be impeded at least in the next decade. Due to the congregation of population in the city center, more hints show that a new inclination of migrating towards the rural area which adjancent to Peking, has been developed. Yanjiao is naturally a perfect place to settle down for most young immigrants.Actually, the sale of real estate in Yanjiao has soared to a new high in the recent several years, which, act as a fuse to induce the new exploit of the residential area in this region. To this point,the local government is intended to grasp the chance to develope by strengthening the relationship between Yanjiao and Peking. However, the barrier, which hinder the bridging of co-developement of Yanjiao and Peking, exist in the political framework. Diverged to Western urban development, Chinese urban developement strictly adhere to the political framework, drafted by central government. Regarding the administration framework of The metropolitan city Peking, Yanjiao is definitely excluded. If Yanjiao need to develop, how to develop, where to develop became the main issue not only in the field of economics bu also urban and landscdape planning.

The embarkment of the greenbelt "fecility" encounter the challenge in this sense.

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Illustration: Bullet points, image, background notes


  • How did the area/project/plan at the focus of the case study evolve?

Illustration: Table or time line

Spatial analysis of area/project/plan

  • What are the main structural features?
  • How has it been shaped? Were there any critical decisions?

Illustration: Map/diagram/sketches photos and background notes

Analysis of program/function

  • What are the main functional characteristics?
  • How have they been expressed or incorporated?

Illustration: Map/diagram/sketches photos and background notes

Analysis of design/planning process

  • How was the area/project/plan formulated and implemented?
  • Were there any important consultations/collaborations?

Illustration: Map/diagram/sketches photos and background notes

Analysis of use/users

  • How is the area/project/plan used and by whom?

Distictive difference would be figured out in case of the various outlook. Once served as a recreational area, the user group would mainly be the local inhabitants When served as a isolation between farming land and urbanized area, the composition of user group may be complicated.

  • Is the use changing? Are there any issues?

Illustration: Map/diagram/sketches photos and background notes

Cross-cutting questions

How may landscape architecture contribute to the integration of different user groups in the urban fringe?

  • Integration in an urban area
  • Quality of life in rur-urban areas
  • Flexibility of life styles

How can the transformation process be connected with the landscape sub-typologies?

  • where does rural start?
  • Rur-urban
  • Dynamics flows between urban and peri-urban areas
  • Monitoring land-use change

How may landscape planning contribute to quality improvement?

  • Aesthetic quality
  • Environmental quality
  • Social quality

Can the maintenance and development of agricultural land-use in urban fringes be a strategy of a greenbelt?

  • Agriculture in the urban fringe
  • Agriculture as a green infrastructure element
  • Green infrastructure
  • Creating green links for wholeness
  • Greenbelt, agriculture as a part of it

Future development directions

  • How is the area/project/plan evolving?
  • Are there any future goals?

Illustration: Map/diagram/sketches photos and background notes

Peer reviews or critique

  • Has the area/ project/plan been reviewed by academic or professional reviewers?
  • What were their main evaluations?

Pleas add references, quotes...

Points of success and limitations

  • What do you see as the main points of success and limitations of the area/project/plan?

Illustration: Summary table

What can be generalized from this case study?

  • Are there any important theoretical insights?

Short statement plus background notes

Which research questions does it generate?

Short statement plus background notes

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Please add literature, documentations and weblinks

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