Ankara Park - Turkey
|Name||Ankara Nation Park|
|Author(s)||Ali Kemal ARKUN|
|World Heritage||Not listed|
Error in widget GoogleMaps: unable to write file /var/www/wikienfk5/extensions/Widgets/compiled_templates/wrt638f8925454d01_11376788
Why is this case relevant?
The capital of Turkey, Ankara forms an integral part of the historic and cultural fabric of Turkey. Gardens and parks are essential parts of cities. Ankara Park which was built in early 1900s, could be considered as the first public of new Turkish Republic and important heritage site. The park was opened across The Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is a visually striking landmark and symbol of independence, nation and stability.
Historic park is a fragile and finite resource. Ankara Park was easily damaged and lost forever. This heritage site has historical, cultural, aesthetic, social and scientific values. Besides the heritage value of the park is embodied in its spatial configurations, uses and cultural associations.
In order to identify the Ankara Park which has particular historic significance, explanatory research could be conducted. The park site which is also called Ulus Square contribute identity, a sense of time and place to the understanding of park's vicinity as a whole.
Which idea of ‘design with nature’ guides the design concept of this site?
- In this section you talk about the design concept of your area. Is it a highly maintained site, i.e. does the design with nature require intensive maintenance? Or does the site follow a more organic interpretation of nature? Which changes are expected if maintenance is missing?
A looser, irregular style was used instead of of formal, symmetrical design.
The design tried to bring a sense of nature into urban context. The park were designed to look natural and was a open and green space for relaxation and cultural events. The park site was completely demolished in early 1960s. If maintenance is missing hard and soft landscape can deteriorate over time.
Which challenges is this landscape facing?
- Here you discuss the types of negative impact you are observing but you can also mention new functions that could give a development opportunity
Uneven urbanization in Ankara destroyed Ankara Park. The park was demolished in early 1960s for a building complex. This building complex is called 100.Yıl Çarşısı.
The existing building complex which was built in 1960s, is going to be demolished according to pedestrianization and revitalization project of ULUS Square. The park can be rebuilt again if the building complex will be demolished.
- Tunçer, M. 2000. Tarihsel Çevre Koruma Politikaları Ankara. T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 124s., Ankara.
- Tunçer, M. 2001. Ankara (Angora) Şehri Merkez Gelişimi (14.-20.Yy.). T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 110s., Ankara.
- Kadıoğlu, M. 2007. Yeni arkeolojik araştırmalar ışığında Ankara. Anatolia Dergisi: 32, 21-152.
- Eyice, S. 1972. Ankara'nın Eski Bir Resmi. Türk Tarih Kurumu,133s., Ankara.
- Erdoğan, A., Günel, G. ve Kılcı, A. 2007. Ankara Tarihi ve Kültürü Dizisi 1- 8. ABB Yayınları, 2207s., Ankara.