Difference between revisions of "Ankara Park - Turkey"

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>>>'''Add here a title for your case'''
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>>>'''[[Ankara's First Public Park]]'''
  
 
{| align="right" width="300pt" style="background:Gainsboro; color:black"
 
{| align="right" width="300pt" style="background:Gainsboro; color:black"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| '''Name''' ||style="background:Lavender"|''add the site name''
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| '''Name''' ||style="background:Lavender"|''Ankara Nation Park''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Place''' || style="background:Lavender"|''add the city name''
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| '''Place''' || style="background:Lavender"|''Ankara''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Country''' || style="background:Lavender"|''add the country''
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| '''Country''' || style="background:Lavender"|''Turkey''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Author(s)''' || style="background:Lavender"|''add your name(s), optional''
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| '''Author(s)''' || style="background:Lavender"|''Ali Kemal ARKUN''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''World Heritage''' || style="background:Lavender"|''if applicable,enter the year of listing''
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| '''World Heritage''' || style="background:Lavender"|''Not listed''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| colspan="3" align="center" style="background:silver"|   
 
| colspan="3" align="center" style="background:silver"|   
  
[[File:Template image.jpg|300px]]
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[[File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1920.jpg|300px]]
 
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|width=300
 
|width=300
 
|height=240
 
|height=240
|lat=48.862278
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|lat=39.940855
|lng=2.442095
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|lng=32.854103
|zoom=10
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|zoom=12
 
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==Why is this case relevant?==
 
==Why is this case relevant?==
*''In this section you briefly explain why you have selected your site/are, why it is considered heritage and what is the cultural value (max 150 words)''
+
'''The capital of Turkey''', Ankara forms an integral part of the historic and cultural fabric of Turkey. Gardens and parks are essential parts of cities.
 +
 
 +
Ankara which was a small Anatolian town with an organic urban fabric around the historic castle, had a population of 75000 (Today population is nearly 5.500.000). Ankara has very rich history. It was home to many east and west civilizations such as ''Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans'' (Erdogan vd.  2007).
 +
 
 +
'''Ankara Nation Park''' which was built in early 1900s, could be considered as the first public of new Turkish Republic and important heritage site. The park was opened across '''The Grand National Assembly of Turkey'''. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is a visually striking landmark and symbol of independence, nation and stability. Ankara Park was built across the The Grand National Assembly and became part of it. It is the first public park of Ankara.
 +
 
 +
The park site which is also called Ulus Square contribute identity, a sense of time and place to the understanding of park's vicinity as a whole.
 +
This heritage site has historical, cultural, aesthetic, social and scientific values. Besides the heritage value of the park is embodied in its  spatial configurations, uses and cultural associations.
 +
 
 +
Historic park is a fragile and finite resource. In order to identify the Ankara Park which has particular historic significance, explanatory research could be conducted.
  
 
==Which idea of ‘design with nature’ guides the design concept of this site?==
 
==Which idea of ‘design with nature’ guides the design concept of this site?==
*''In this section you talk about the design concept of your area. Is it a highly maintained site, i.e. does the design with nature require intensive maintenance? Or does the site follow a more organic interpretation of nature? Which changes are expected if maintenance is missing?''
+
 
 +
The park were designed to look natural and was a open and green space for relaxation and cultural events. A looser, irregular style was used instead of of formal, symmetrical design. The design tried to bring a sense of nature into urban context.
 +
The park site was completely demolished in early 1960s. The park was very well maintained because it was used for Parliament members, foreign guests and citizens.
 +
 
 +
If maintenance is missing hard and soft landscape can deteriorate over time.
  
 
== Which challenges is this landscape facing?==
 
== Which challenges is this landscape facing?==
*''Here you discuss the types of negative impact you are observing but you can also mention new functions that could give a development opportunity''
 
  
== What would be your strategy for improvement?==
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Uneven urbanization in Ankara destroyed the park.
''Finally, please share some ideas of how you would initiate positive change for your heritage area''
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The park was demolished in early 1960s for a building complex.
 +
This building complex is called 100.Yıl Çarşısı.
 +
A six storey office block and four storey (including 2 Basement floor) shopping center was built.
 +
 
 +
The existing building complex which was built in 1960s, is going to be demolished according to pedestrianization and revitalization project of ULUS Square. The park can be rebuilt again if the building complex will be demolished.
 +
 
 +
== Gallery==
 +
<gallery caption=" " widths="200px" heights="150px" perrow="4">
  
[[#toc|'''Back to top''']]
+
File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park Flag.jpg  | Turkey National Flag
 +
File:Arkun Ali 17 19 yy map.jpg      | Map of Ankara in 1600s, 1800s and early 1900s
  
== Image Gallery ==
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File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1900s.jpg | Park Site in early 1900s
 +
File:1915s ulus.jpg                  | Park's main entrance and Parliament Building in early 1920
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File:1920s park ankara.jpg          | Park and Parliament Building in early 1920s
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File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1930s.jpg | Park in late 1930s
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File:Arkun Ali park 1930S.jpg        | Park Site in Prof.Jansen's Ankara Plan 1930s
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File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1935.jpg  | Park Site in Prof.Jansen's Drawing in 1935
 +
File:Arkun Ali Pak 1940s.jpg        | Park, Ulus Square, The Grand National Assembly and Statue of Victory in 1940s
 +
File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1942.JPG  | Aerial View of the Park in 1942
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File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1940s.jpg | Aerial View of the Park in 1940s
 +
File:Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1950s.JPG | Birdseye View of the Park in 1950s
  
<gallery caption=" " widths="200px" heights="150px" perrow="4">
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
Image:yourimage.jpg | your image text and source
 
</gallery>
 
  
[[#toc|'''Back to top''']]
 
  
== References ==
+
</gallery>
  
* Author Year: Title, publisher, edition, page, ...
+
==References==
* etc.
 
  
* Website Year: Link, keyword, ...
+
* https://vekam.ku.edu.tr/tr/vekam
* etc.
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* Tunçer, M. 2000. Tarihsel Çevre Koruma Politikaları Ankara. T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 124s., Ankara.
 +
* Tunçer, M. 2001. Ankara (Angora) Şehri Merkez Gelişimi (14.-20.Yy.). T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 110s., Ankara.
 +
* Kadıoğlu, M. 2007. Yeni arkeolojik araştırmalar ışığında Ankara. Anatolia Dergisi: 32, 21-152.
 +
* Eyice, S. 1972. Ankara'nın Eski Bir Resmi. Türk Tarih Kurumu,133s., Ankara.
 +
* Erdoğan, A., Günel, G. ve Kılcı, A. 2007. Ankara Tarihi ve Kültürü Dizisi 1- 8. ABB Yayınları, 2207s., Ankara.
  
  
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[[Category:Case Study]]
 
[[Category:Case Study]]
[[Category:Country]]
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[[Category:Turkey]]
[[Category:Location]]
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[[Category:Ankara]]
  
  
 
[[#toc|'''Back to top''']]
 
[[#toc|'''Back to top''']]

Latest revision as of 14:35, 1 November 2018

>>>Back to Case Studies Overview


>>>Ankara's First Public Park

Name Ankara Nation Park
Place Ankara
Country Turkey
Author(s) Ali Kemal ARKUN
World Heritage Not listed

Arkun Ali Ankara Park 1920.jpg

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Why is this case relevant?

The capital of Turkey, Ankara forms an integral part of the historic and cultural fabric of Turkey. Gardens and parks are essential parts of cities.

Ankara which was a small Anatolian town with an organic urban fabric around the historic castle, had a population of 75000 (Today population is nearly 5.500.000). Ankara has very rich history. It was home to many east and west civilizations such as Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans (Erdogan vd. 2007).

Ankara Nation Park which was built in early 1900s, could be considered as the first public of new Turkish Republic and important heritage site. The park was opened across The Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is a visually striking landmark and symbol of independence, nation and stability. Ankara Park was built across the The Grand National Assembly and became part of it. It is the first public park of Ankara.

The park site which is also called Ulus Square contribute identity, a sense of time and place to the understanding of park's vicinity as a whole. This heritage site has historical, cultural, aesthetic, social and scientific values. Besides the heritage value of the park is embodied in its spatial configurations, uses and cultural associations.

Historic park is a fragile and finite resource. In order to identify the Ankara Park which has particular historic significance, explanatory research could be conducted.

Which idea of ‘design with nature’ guides the design concept of this site?

The park were designed to look natural and was a open and green space for relaxation and cultural events. A looser, irregular style was used instead of of formal, symmetrical design. The design tried to bring a sense of nature into urban context. The park site was completely demolished in early 1960s. The park was very well maintained because it was used for Parliament members, foreign guests and citizens.

If maintenance is missing hard and soft landscape can deteriorate over time.

Which challenges is this landscape facing?

Uneven urbanization in Ankara destroyed the park. The park was demolished in early 1960s for a building complex. This building complex is called 100.Yıl Çarşısı. A six storey office block and four storey (including 2 Basement floor) shopping center was built.

The existing building complex which was built in 1960s, is going to be demolished according to pedestrianization and revitalization project of ULUS Square. The park can be rebuilt again if the building complex will be demolished.

Gallery

References

  • https://vekam.ku.edu.tr/tr/vekam
  • Tunçer, M. 2000. Tarihsel Çevre Koruma Politikaları Ankara. T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 124s., Ankara.
  • Tunçer, M. 2001. Ankara (Angora) Şehri Merkez Gelişimi (14.-20.Yy.). T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 110s., Ankara.
  • Kadıoğlu, M. 2007. Yeni arkeolojik araştırmalar ışığında Ankara. Anatolia Dergisi: 32, 21-152.
  • Eyice, S. 1972. Ankara'nın Eski Bir Resmi. Türk Tarih Kurumu,133s., Ankara.
  • Erdoğan, A., Günel, G. ve Kılcı, A. 2007. Ankara Tarihi ve Kültürü Dizisi 1- 8. ABB Yayınları, 2207s., Ankara.




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